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|Universe :||Prime Timeline|
|Class Name :||Saturn V|
|Type :||Chemical rocket1|
|Unit Run :||19 built in total. 19 have been retired from service.|
|Commissioned :||1960s to 1970s2|
|Dimensions :||Length : 110.65 m3
Main Body Diameter : 10.06 m
Span : 19.35 m
|Mass :||3,038.5 metric tons|
|Armament :||No beam weapons|
|Sub-impulse only :||Acceleration : 70 m/s/s
|Strength Indices :
(Galaxy class = 1,000)
|Beam Firepower : -
Torpedo Firepower : -
Weapon Range and Accuracy : -
Shield Strength : -
Hull Armour : -
Speed : -
Combat Manoeuvrability : 1
|Overall Strength Index :||1|
|Diplomatic Capability :||None|
|Expected Hull Life :||Single mission1|
The rocket was split into three stages. The first stage was powered by five F-1 engines - which is where the 'V' of Saturn V comes from - producing nearly 7.7 million pounds of thrust. These engines lifted the heavy rocket fast enough to escape Earth's gravity. The first stage engines fire at liftoff and last for about 150 seconds, taking the vehicle and payload to an altitude of 61 kilometres. The first stage then separates and burns up in the Earth's atmosphere.
The second stage contains five J-2 engines. After the first stage is discarded, the second stage burns for approximately 300 seconds, taking the vehicle and payload to 184 kilometres altitude. The second stage is then also discarded.
The third stage contains one J-2 engine. This engine burns for 2.75 minutes boosting the spacecraft to orbital velocity of about 17,500 mph. The third stage is shut down with fuel remaining and remains attached the spacecraft in Earth orbit. The J-2 engine is reignited to propel the spacecraft into translunar trajectory (speed of 7.8 km/s) before finally being discarded.
Above the third stage, the Saturn V would carry the payload. Three major payloads were carried by Saturn V's. The most famous payload was the lunar spacecraft. These comprised the Command Module, Service Module and Lunar Module. Above the Command Module was an emergency escape system. The complete assembly including the Apollo spacecraft and the Saturn launch vehicle stood 110.65 meters tall and weighed over 2,700 metric tons.
Once the lunar missions were completed, the last Saturn V was used to take the Skylab space station into orbit.
One of the lesser known payloads was launched in 1968, when a Saturn V was used to carry a nuclear weapons payload into orbit. This mission was a failure, and although there was considerable difficulty in destructing the payload it eventually exploded 104 miles above the surface of the Earth.4
|Yellow text = Canon source||Green text = Backstage source||Cyan text = Novel||White text = DITL speculation|
|1||Generic canonical information|
|2||TOS||1||Tomorrow is Yesterday|
|3||Real world||Stated by Boeing.|
|Source :||Generic canonical information|
|Series :||TOS Season 1 (Disc 5)|
|Episode :||Tomorrow is Yesterday|
|Source :||Real world|
|Comment :||Stated by Boeing.|
|Series :||TOS Season 2 (Disc 7)|
|Episode :||Assignment: Earth|
However, as far as Star Trek is concerned the only canon use of this rocket was as the launch platform for an orbital nuclear weapons system in the TOS episode "Assignment : Earth". There are three possibilities here; firstly, in Star Trek some other launcher was used for the moon missions and the Saturn V was purely a military project. Secondly, one of the known Apollo launches in 1968 was actually a cover for the launch of a weapon platform. Thirdly, in Star Trek there was an another Saturn V launch in addition to the eighteen known. I have gone with option three.
|Copyright Graham Kennedy||Page views : 20,013||Last updated : 31 Jul 2004|